Japanese Empire, which is broken down between Kyujitai
and Shinjitai were from the Meiju Restoration to the end
of the Second World War.
From a political standpoint, this empire
stretches over a period of the enforces establishment of
prefectures in place of fighting domains in 1871, all
the way through the time Japan was expanded from the
Pacific Ocean to the Indian Ocean, or 1945 at which time
Japan formally surrendered. During this time, the Instrument of Surrender was signed.
when talking about Japanese dynasties, you need to look
at the names of Japanese Empire and Imperial Empire as
one and the same. Because
of this, we see many people refer to the empire as the
Empire of Great Japan.
However, the country of Japan has been called the
Empire of Japan since the fighting anti-shogunate
domains of Choshu and Satsuma, which were formed as the
foundation of a new government, with the goal of
creating Japan an empire.
so, the name of Empire of Japan was not officially used
until the 1889 Constitution of the Empire of Japan.
Then in 1936, the proper title of the country
became legal. In
the meantime, names such as Nippon, which translates to
Japan, Dai-Nippon, or Great Japan, Dai-Nippon/Nihon Kohu,
and Nation of Great Japan Nihon Teikoku, meaning Empire
of Japan were all at one time official names.
in 1946, one year after the ending of the war, the
country of Japan was restructured.
At this time, the name was again revised, this
time to Nihon Koku or The State of Japan.
Just like other countries, during the Great
Depression, Japan turned to Fascism, a unique political
unlike the antics of Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini,
Japan structured its country with two primary economic
goals to help develop a powerful and respectful empire.
first included a tightly controlled and domestic
military industry, which actually help get the
country’s economy moving in the right direction during
the worst part of the depression.
With a lack of natural resources, Japan had to
import certain raw materials to include coal, iron, and
oil, much coming from the United States.
Therefore, to stick with the military/industrial
plan, along with overall industrial growth, the Japanese
believed resource rich colonies were required to compete
with the power of Europe and Korea.
Manchuria was invaded and conquered in 1931, Japan did
not do much to liberate them from the Chinese.
Just as with Korea, Japan installed Puvi as the
official head of state.
Then, Jehol, which is a Chinese territory that
borders Manchuria were controlled in 1933.
Japan went on to invade China in 1937, which was
the start of the war between Japan, Jiang Jieshi’s
nationalists, and Mao Zedong’s communists. Finally, prior to the Chinese invasion, Japan signed an
anticommunism treaty with Germany in 1936 and then with
Italy the following year.
dynasties of Japan are broken down specific by period,
as you will from the information listed below:
- Suiko – 593 to 628
- Hakuho era – 674 to 685
- Konin era – 810 to 823
- Jogan era – 859 to 876
Middle and Late Heian
- Fugiwara Period – 898 to 1185
Muromachi (Ashikaga) Period
- Nambokucho (north and south Schism)
- 1336 to 1393
Edo (Tokagawa) Period
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