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Japanese Puzzle Box Glossary

Any time an art form is brought from its native country, along with it comes many terms that need translation to understand. These terms are also incorporated in the names of the articles themselves and the designs and patterns. Below is a list of terms relative to Japanese Puzzle Boxes. 

Aeasa - Pattern used to make Japanese Puzzle Boxes - Yellow Pyramid Designs

Aka - Japanese for Red or Crimson
Akaasa - Pattern used to make Japanese Puzzle Boxes - Means Crimson Morning/Sunrise
American Walnut - Tree found in Japan with purple wood
Asa - Means morning or sunrise - The last half of the name of several different patterns used to make Japanese Puzzle Boxes.
Camphor - Tree native to Japan with brown wood
Chigai - Japanese for difference or distinction
Chinese Cedar - Tree found in Japan with red wood
Dai - Japanese for subject or theme
Enju - Tree found in Japan with brown wood
Hakone - Japanese town where Himitsu Bako are crafted
Hana - Japanese for Flower. A Pattern used for puzzle boxes
Hanko - Japanese seal used to identify an artist
Himitsu Bako - The Japanese name for Puzzle Boxes - means Secret Box
Ichi - Japanese for First or One
Ichimatsu - Pattern used to make Japanese Puzzle Boxes - Checkerboard Design - Roughly translates to First of Many
Ilex Macropoda - Tree native to Japan with white wood
Japanese Cucumber Tree - Tree native to Japan with blue wood
Jindai - Tree found in Japan with various shades of brown wood
Kagome - Pattern used to make Japanese Puzzle Boxes - Design with round inlays
Kannuki - A puzzle box key or slide located on the side of the box. This slide is usually the first move required to open the box. Some of the more advanced boxes may have several of these.
Kara - Japanese for Made From
Karakuri - Translate to Made from Chestnut. Also used to refer to Magic Trick or Device
Katsura - Tree native to Japan with black wood
Kawari - Japanese for In Place Of
Ki - Japanese for Wood
Kiasa - Pattern used to make Japanese Puzzle Boxes - Yellow Star Pattern
Kikkou - Pattern used to make Japanese Puzzle Boxes - Tortoise shell pattern produced by combining the Akaasa, Kuroasa, and Kiasa patterns.
Kirichigai - The process used to cut and assemble the wood patterns found on our Japanese Puzzle Boxes. Means to cut different items.
Kisaya - Pattern used to make Japanese Puzzle Boxes - Means Yellow Saya Pattern
Kiyaki - Tree found in Japan with different shades of brown wood
Ko - Japanese for Child Of or From
Koyosegi - Pattern used to make Japanese Puzzle Boxes - Many Yosegi panels joined to make a larger panel. Translates to Child of Yosegi or New Yosegi Design
Kumi - Japanese for group or collection
Kumiki - Traditional japanese puzzle toys.
Kuri - Japanese for Chestnut
Kuro - Japanese for Black or Dark
Kuroasa - Pattern used to make Japanese Puzzle Boxes - Dark Star Pattern - Means Black Morning/Sunrise or Dark Morning/Sunrise
Maackia - Tree native to Japan with brown wood
Mame - Refers to a Japanese Puzzle Box that is smaller than 2 sun. Translates to bean or pea, meaning small in size
MarariYabane - Name of pattern used in Japanese Puzzle Boxes. Roughly translates to "Unusually Silly". This is a very whimsical pattern, so rightly named.
Maru - Circle or Round
Muku - A type of Japanese Puzzle Box made from solid wood instead of veneer. Tranlates to: Purity
Mulberry - Tree native to Japan with Yellow wood
Ran - Name used in Puzzle Box patterns. Translates to: Random
Sakura - Cherry Tree used to make Puzzle Boxes
San - Japanese for product or native to
Sansui - Japanese for best product or native product
Saya - Pattern used to make Japanese Puzzle Boxes - Interesting pattern resembling puzzle pieces
Shima - Japanese for Stripes
Spindle Tree - Tree native to Japan with white wood
Sui - Japanese for elegance or best
Sumac - Tree native to Japan with Yellow wood
Sun - Unit of measurement used to describe Japanese Puzzle Boxes (1 Sun = 45 mm - 4.5 cm - 1.75 inches)
Tama - Japanese for bunch or bundle
Uroko - Pattern used to make Japanese Puzzle Boxes - Means scales of a fish
Ya - Japanese for arrow
Yakasugi - Tree found in Japan with white wood
Yoku - Japanese for nicely or well
Yosegi - Pattern used to make Japanese Puzzle Boxes - The most popular pattern used to make puzzle boxes. Means to put wood together.

Zougan - Japanese traditional handicraft or marquetry

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