proudly boasts a reputation as one of the most stunning and
varied tourist locations in Asia, attracting approximately 1
million tourists every year from all corners of the globe.
is located between the islands of Java and Lombok, and is
included in the over 17,000 islands that comprise the
All of Baliís beauty and diversity is
contained within the small area of approximately 140 km from
east to west and 80 km from north to south.
Included in its assorted landscape is an east-west
chain of fascinating volcanic mountains. The tallest of these volcanoes is named Ganung Agung, and
last erupted in 1963. Currently
it is 3,142m high at itís tallest point.
is an entirely tropical country, as it lies only 8ļ south
of the Equator. With
a tropical climate, Bali has only two seasons, the wet
season and the dry season, and maintains an overall annual
temperature of approximately 28ļC.
is the rich volcanic soil and the soaking, predictable
monsoon season that provide the island of Bali with a
tremendously fertile growing area, allowing for a diverse
range of crops to be grown.
Baliís most famous crop and region is in the
southern regions, where Bali has its rice terraces, which
are among the most impressive in the world.
The northern regions are home to crops such as
coffee, copra, spices, vegetables, rice and cattle.
There are strong spiritual roots to the Balinese people, and
this weighs heavily on the Balinese culture.
Though there is a grand influx of tourists recently,
which grows every year, the Balinese culture has remained
strong and is still very much in practice.
The main religion in Bali is Agama Hindu Dharma,
which arrived in the 11th century by way of
Sumatra and Java. Though
this religion began in India, the Balinese form of this
religion is a combination of Hindu, Buddhism, Javanese and
ancient indigenous beliefs, interspersed with customs quite
dissimilar to the typical Hinduism practiced in India.
In the 15th century, Java brought Islam to
Bali, and this influence is obvious in its artistic
Balinese have always treasured creativity and have
traditionally used these creative juices for religious
purposes, creating striking religious artwork inspired by
the stories from the Ramayana and other Hindu epics.
population sits at about 3 million, the majority of whom
live within tight village communities based on extremely
large extended families.
The largest towns of Bali are the Capital, Denpasar
(population 250í000) and Singaraja of the northern region.
However, the main tourist area is Kuta, which is near
to the airport. Though it seems to be a tiny, very sleepy village, its
tourism is a result of its famed white-sand beaches, the
surf, and stunning sunsets.
is now the home of many bustling resorts, with hundreds of
hotels, bars, restaurants and shops.
Many are now moving away from the hustle of Kuta and
are heading in search of a more peaceful and traditional
atmosphere in the calmer resorts of Sanur and Candi Dasa,
located on the east coast, or Lovina, which is found in the
north. Nusa Dua is now becoming a hot tourist spot, on the
southernmost peninsula of Bali Island, and it caters to a
more upscale crowd with its biggest 5-star hotels.