literally means ‘Beautiful Writing’ and has been
accepted and acknowledged as an art form in various cultures
throughout the world. But the ancient Chinese Calligraphy is
unparalleled. Chinese calligraphy is a unique oriental art
form to Asian cultures with a brilliant tradition as ancient
as the culture itself.
It is similar to painting and makes use of Chinese
characters as an elementary vehicle to communicate and
spread the divine world of the artist. All the way through,
Calligraphy uses a basic media, brush handling techniques,
scripts, presentation and style to express the emotions,
culture, artistic/creative feelings, and moral principles of
the artist to the readers who are overwhelmed by the power
of application and the pleasure of beauty. Calligraphy is
not just another way of writing Chinese characters, but also
a beautiful, elaborate and a stylish art of interpretation
and a branch of learning.
origin of Chinese Calligraphy is not very precise. According
to a tale in ancient Chinese history, Chinese calligraphy is
approximately 4000 years old and originated during the reign
of the Yellow Emperor a man named Cang Jie. Earlier periods
of the Chinese history reveal that calligraphy was viewed as
a matchless and independent visual art form rather than
merely an ornamental art and was highly regarded over
painting and sculpture, and paralleled alongside poetry as a
means of self-expression and cultivation.
Calligraphy became an art during the reign of Qin
Dynasty and started to blossom in the Han Dynasty. Jin
Dynasty saw the emergence of some great calligraphers,
including Wang Xizhi and Wang Xianzhi. Achievements in the
field of calligraphy were also seen in the North and South
Dynasty and the calligraphy works in this period were called
as Wei Bei. During the rule of Tang dynasty, calligraphy was
taken more seriously; hence a lot of great calligraphers
appeared during their reign, including Yan Zhenqing. With
the fall of the Tang Dynasty, the decline of calligraphy
began and the worst period was Ming Dynasty.
brush, ink, paper and ink stone are the basic tools required
to learn calligraphy. In order to learn calligraphy and to
become a calligraphy expert, it is necessary to learn about
these tools, select them carefully and take care of them and
practice word by word and stroke by stroke. Chinese language
has a set of different writing styles and scripts. The
writing techniques basically revolve around the ways to hold
and use the brush to write characters. The Chinese term qi
bi implies beginning your stroke and the term shou bi means
end your stroke. To write characters each stroke involves qi
bi and shou bi.
most effective and the traditional way of practicing
handwriting comprises of three basic steps: mo, Lin and xie.
Mo means tracing and to practice holding the brush. While
practicing calligraphy, the main areas of focus should be
stroke, structure and style of calligraphy. The next step,
Lin is to put the model on the desk for you to copy and take
a conscious approach to understand because mere copying
never helps. After
a few months of detailed study, the next step lin xie
wherein you have a specimen on a stone tablet of which you
are required to make a copy on paper. It also involves
studying the specimen ad memorizing strokes. To learn the
rudiments of calligraphy is not too difficult. To become an
expert calligrapher, the learner must spend at least a few
years in learning and detailed study.
a history in between four to five thousand years, Chinese
calligraphy is rich, thoughtful, and far-reaching in content
and has been admired and has received the utmost attention
of the artists worldwide.
Most recently, industrial art has adapted the
elements of traditional calligraphy. The best example of
application of Chinese calligraphy in modern times is the
Lucent logo, a red circle done with a Chinese brush denotes
the 0-bit of machine language. In this era of supercomputers
and artificial intelligence, it is heartening to see the
free form calligraphy reign.