1974, workers in China were busy digging a new well
when they made the most amazing discovery.
They came upon a pit where initially, they
unearthed 1,000 pieces of pottery figurines, a few
bronze chariots, horses, and weapons that would have
been used during that era.
However, they soon discovered this pit was
massive and the resting place of more than 6,000
full-size soldiers made from terra cotta, all
standing in formation, many with their horses ready
were ecstatic about this find and intrigued that the
horses all faced east and the soldiers each had
unique facial expressions, making them appear
uncanny but realistic.
To date, 96 horses and 11 chariots have been
uncovered but archeologists believe this is just the
Army of Terra Cotta Warriors depicts a very clear
221 BC during the Qing Dynasty, Qin Shi Huang was
the Emperor in reign.
The Terra Cotta Army was built as a way of
creating an illusion of strength and manpower.
It was believed that as enemies approached,
they would be overwhelmed with the powerful army
supporting Emperor Qin and turn away.
It took more than one million workers to
create the army and to lay your eyes on the
masterpiece is indescribable.
all, three pits have been discovered but diggers
continue working, as there is strong evidence even
more pits exist, just waiting to be discovered.
The pit holding the 6,000 plus soldiers is
However, the other pits are not just small
holes in the ground but more like underground
this first pit, workers found a peculiar rectangular
formation of army troops and chariots. This pit measures 755 feet going east and west and 203 feet
going north and south.
The entire pit was built using only wood and
the earth. Its
appearance is similar to a cavern with five
entrances sloping down into the pit.
walls are erected that serve as partitions to
separate the rows of soldiers.
These walls are all reinforced with wood
beams covered with reed and earth and the floor of
this pit is paved with black bricks.
Three columns of soldiers face the east as a
way of protecting the vanguard.
The squads are each 70 strong, which equates
to 210 troopers.
The troopers flank to the south and on the
west side is rear guards armed with crossbows.
pit shows a winding formation of army troops,
cavalries, and chariots.
Located only 66 feet from the first pit, the
size of this particular pit is an astounding 3.74
pit is divided into an “L” shape with four
separate sections that reveal 1,000 soldiers, 500
horses, and 89 wooden chariots.
The sections all serve a specific purpose:
Section One – Inside are 334 archers
lined in groups of eight.
The archers are all armed with crossbows that
have amazing detailing.
Of the archers, approximately half are
wearing heavy, protective armor.
The archers in the front are in a kneeling
position while the archers in the back are standing
so they can shoot their crossbows over the heads of
the kneeling soldiers.
Section Two – In this section are 64
chariots, again lined in groups of eight.
The chariots are manned by an archer and then
protected with a soldier on either side.
To provide reinforcement to the rear,
Section Three – Located at the
center of the pit there are 19 chariots and around
100 soldiers. Within
this pit, the groupings are in three that cover the
right, left, and rear.
The groups consist of a chariot to the front
and then archers and messengers milling about as if
going about their daily business.
Section Four – Standing due north,
the groupings in this section are three. These groups consist of six chariots, 124 horses, and 124
of the chariots carry two people – one the
charioteer and a scout.
The expressions on the soldiers found in this
section look exceptionally mean and each of them is
holding a bow, ready for battle.
was determined that this final pit was the command
headquarters of Emperor Qin since it contained many
fine pieces of pottery, jewelry, and other relics
that would have been considered personal items.
originally believed that each was an original work.
They were actually
made from a variety of molds containing the various
body parts which were then assembled. In assembly
line fashion, hundreds of labors made and assembled
the warriors in various poses and passed them down
to the craftsman to complete. The
artists would then cover the entire piece with thin
layers of clay and sculpt the final details giving
each soldier a unique appearance and personality.
entire army stands at attention, as if awaiting the
command to attack...somewhere in the next world.