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Darjeeling The Place and the Tea 

Darjeeling is one of the loveliest places in India, and a favorite resort. It is a hard journey of 246 miles from Calcutta. To reach it you will travel from the intense heat of the lowlands, through dense tropical jungles, and into the coldest and highest mountains in the world. 

This is a great tea country, and the mountain sides have been cleared in many places for plantations. In the Darjeeling district are about two hundred large plantations, employing from one to two thousand laborers each, and producing about 12,000,000 pounds a year.  

There is little doubt that the views from Darjeeling include the most majestic assemblage of mountains on the earth's surface. For a distance of 200 miles east and west there arise a succession of peaks not less than 22,000 feet high, and several of them more than 25,000. In the immediate vicinity and within sight are the highest mountains in the world. Everest, the king of mountains, which measures 29,200 feet, is only eighty miles distant; Kinchinjunga, which is forty-five miles distant, is 28,156 feet high, and also, in the immediate vicinity, are the following:  

Janu

25,304

  

Kabru

24,015

Chumalari

23,943

 

Pauhanri

23,186

Donkia

23,176

 

Baudim

22,017

Narsingh

22,146

 

Kanhenjhan

22,500

Chomaino

23,300

 

 Between these mountain peaks is an almost continuous succession of snow fields and glaciers beyond all comparison. The snow line is 17,000 feet in midsummer, and in winter comes down to 12,000 and 15,000 feet, and when that altitude is reached snow is continuous and impassable. This is the highest and the most extensive of all mountain ranges. Along the northern frontier of India for 2,000 miles it stands like a vast hedge, the most formidable natural boundary in the world, nowhere lower than 17,000 feet, and impassable for armies the entire distance, with the exception of two gateways: Jeylup Pass here and at the Khyber Pass. There are passes over the snow, but their elevation is seldom less than 16,000 feet; the average elevation of the watershed exceeds 18,000 feet, and the great plateau of Thibet, which lies upon the other side, is between 15,000 and 16,000 feet above the sea.  

This plateau, which is sometimes called the "Roof of the World," is 700 miles long and 500 miles wide, and could not be crossed by an army not only because of the winds and the cold, but also because there is very little water, no fuel and no supplies. No invading force could possibly enter India from the north if these passes were defended, because the inhospitable climate of Tibet would not sustain an army, and the enormous distance and altitude would make the transportation of supplies for any considerable force practically impossible. During the summer the plateau is covered with flocks and herds, but when the cold weather comes on the shepherds drive them into the foothills, where they find shelter. The width of the main range of the Himalayas will average about 500 miles between its northern and southern foot-hills; it embraces every possible kind of climate, vegetation and natural products, and is a vast reservoir from which four of the greatest rivers of the world flow across the plains of India, carrying the drainage from the melting snows, and without this reservoir northern India would be a hopeless and dreary desert.


 

History of India - Part 1 History of India - Part 2
History of India - Part 3 History of India - Part 4
Soapstone Ganesh ~ 6 Inch
Soapstone Ganesh ~ 6 Inch
Code:12265
Price:$15.95
Soapstone Ganesha ~ 5 Inches
Soapstone Ganesha ~ 5 Inches
Code:10743
Price:$12.95
Soapstone Ganesh ~ 6 Inch
Soapstone Ganesh ~ 6 Inch
Code:12268
Price:$15.95
12 Inch Bronze Natraj
12 Inch Bronze Natraj
Code:12213
Price:$44.95
Buddha Head ~ Bronze
Buddha Head ~ Bronze
Code:10924
Price:$34.95
 

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