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Song Dynasty ~ 960 - 1279
Major Advancements: Paper Money, Movable Type Printing, The Civil Service Exam, The Compass, Gunpowder
Major Public Works: The Northern Song Tombs
The Song period divides into two phases: Northern Song (960-1127) and Southern Song (1127-1279). The division was caused by the forced abandonment of north China in 1127 by the Song court, which could not push back the nomadic invaders. The founders of the Song dynasty built an effective centralized bureaucracy staffed with civilian scholar-officials. Regional military governors and their supporters were replaced by centrally appointed officials. This system of civilian rule led to a greater concentration of power in the emperor and his palace bureaucracy than had been achieved in the previous dynasties. The Song dynasty is notable for the development of cities not only for administrative purposes but also as centers of trade, industry, and maritime commerce. The landed scholar-officials, sometimes collectively referred to as the gentry, lived in the provincial centers alongside the shopkeepers, artisans, and merchants. A new group of wealthy commoners--the mercantile class-- arose as printing and education spread, private trade grew, and a market economy began to link the coastal provinces and the interior. Landholding and government employment were no longer the only means of gaining wealth and prestige.
Northern Song Dynasty
Taizu 960-976 Taizong 976-997
Zhenzong 998-1022 Renzong 1022-1063
Yingzong 1064-1067 Shenzong 1068-1085
Zhezong 1086-1101 Huizong 1101-1125
Qinzong 1126    

Southern Song Dynasty

Gaozong 1127-1162 Xiaozong 1163-1190
Guangzong 1190-1194 Ningzong 1195-1224
Lizong 1225-1264 Duzong 1265-1274
Gongzong 1275 Duanzong 1276-1278
Bing Di 1279    

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The Great Wall of China The Forbidden City
The Terracotta Army Along the Silk Road
 
Dragon & Phoenix ~ Silk Embroidery
Silk Embroidery
Gold Leaf Painted ~ 10 Inch Turnip Vase
Gold Leaf Lacquer
Pair of 10 Inch Closionne Vases
Cloisonne
Pair of Brass Foo Dogs
Brass & Bronze
Inside Painted Boxes
 
 

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