is a staple in Asia that has a long history.
Rice is a healthy food source that falls in the
vegetable category where in China it is eaten alone or with
westernized countries eat rice with meat and even in
desserts, for the Chinese people, they prefer to eat it as
we do bread.
northern region of China has a very mild climate and
therefore, does not grow rice.
In contrast, the southern region of China is abundant
with rice plantations, which are flooded to help product
this crop. The
water level must be maintained at a certain level and remain
consistent in subtropical weather for the rice to grow.
Chinese myth is that rice was sold as a gift to the gods in
lieu of animals. It
is believed that after the lands were flooded, all living
plants were destroyed. Animals were scarce, making hunting difficult.
One day, a dog came abounding across a field and as
it approached the Chinese people, they noticed its fur was
covered with yellow seeds.
Not knowing what these seeds would produce, they
planted them and as a result, rice grew.
Even today, the Chinese people have a strong believe
that the precious things of life are not the pearls or jade,
but the five grains with rice being number one.
grain fed thousands of people for longer periods than any
other grain did. When
it comes to cultivated rice, three primary species are
first is O. Sativa and the second, O. Glaberrima.
The first is found in Africa and while it is the most
widely used, it is not cultivated.
It is believed that this particular species was
developed from other forms approximately 15 millions years
ago. The third
species, O. Rufipogon is grown in China among other regions.
is documentation showing that the Buddhist scriptures
referred to rice quite often and again, used it as an
offering to the gods. Initial evidence from archeologists showed that rice was a
valued food dating back as early as 2500 BC during the late
Neolithic period in the Yangtze basin.
so, in 1966, an archeologist by the name of Wilhelm G.
Solheim II made an important discover in Southeast Asian.
He found pottery shards that had imprints of the O
Sativa husks and grains.
These were discovered in the Korat area of Thailand
and after extensive testing, it was confirmed that these
shards dated back to 4000 BC.
Chinese people eventually developed a process of growing
rice on farms using puddling soil and then transplanting the
seedlings. Today, this system is still widely used in China.
The puddling works to break down the internal
structure of the soil so it does not lose much water during
the percolation process.
The seedlings are then transported once they reach
one to six weeks. The transplanting of the rice seedling helps the farmer work
the rice field better, thus producing a higher yield. This very process helped domesticate rice in China.